17th century emigration from England

The early settlement of the Caribbean is associated with swashbuckling privateers, in competition with the Spanish and French.

But soon the establishment of permanent colonies took precedent through a series of trade agreements, and these settlements were encouraged by the authorities in London, who through persuasive propaganda and incentives – such as promise of land once terms of servitude were completed – lured people to emigrate. This was not difficult. Life for the bulk of the population was appallingly hard; male births had doubled in relationship to female births so a core of surplus unmarried men were willing to try life overseas.

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illustration of sail ship leaving Dartmouth harbour in 1619

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Philippa's grave on Saddle Hill